Beranda > English, Problem, Semester 1 > All Problem

All Problem


Problem 1 Missing Main Verb

S V

The sound of the dryer bothers my concentration.

Incorrect: In my opinion, too soon to make a decision.
Correct : In my opinion, it is too soon to make a decision.

Incorrect: Do you know whether the movie that starts at seven?
Correct : Do you know whether the movie that starts at seven is good?
Or
Do you know whether the movie starts at seven?

Incorrect: Sam almost always a lot of fun.
Correct : Sam is almost always a lot of fun.

Incorrect: The book that I lent you having a good bibliography.
Correct : The book that I lent you has a good bibliography.

Problem 2 Verbs that Require an Infinitive in the Complemen

S V C (infinitive) M

We had planned to leave day before yesterday.

Incorrect: We demand knowing our status.
Correct : We demand to know our status.

Incorrect: I intend the inform you that we cannot approve your application.
Correct : I intend to inform you that we cannot approve your application.

Incorrect: They didn’t plan buying a car.
Correct : They didn’t plan to buy a car.

Incorrect: The weather tends improving in May.
Correct : The weather tends to improve in May.

Problem 3 Verbs that Require an ing Form in the Complement

S V C (infinitive) M

He enjoys traveling by plane.

Incorrect: We enjoyed talk with your friend.
Correct : We enjoyed talking with your friend.

Incorrect: Hank completed the writing his thesis this summer.
Correct : Hank completed writing his thesis this summer.

Incorrect: I miss to watch the news when I am traveling.
Correct: I miss watching the news when I am traveling.

Incorrect: She mentions to stop et El Paso in her letter.
Correct : She mentions stopping et El Paso in her letter.

Problem 4 Verb Phrases that require an ing Form in the Complement

S V Ph C (-ing) M

She forgot about canceling her appointment.

Incorrect: Let’s go to the movie when you get through to study.
Correct : Let’s go to the movie when you through studying

Incorrect: We can’t help to wonder why she left.
Correct : We can’t help wondering why she left.

Incorrect: I have been looking forward to meet you.
Correct : I have been looking forward to meeting you.

Incorrect: We wouldn’t mind to wait.
Correct : We wouldn’t mind waiting.

PROBLEMS WITH TENSE

S V (past) M

The concert began at eight oclock.

Incorrect: Before she run the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.
Correct : Before she ran the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.

Incorrect: We eat dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.
Correct : We ate dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.

Incorrect: My nephew begun working for me about ten years ago.
Correct : My nephew began working for me about ten years ago.

Incorrect: I know that you been forty on your last birthday.
Correct : I know that you were forty on your last birthday.

Problem 6 Modal + Verb Word

S modal verb word

They might visit us.

Incorrect: Our friends might stopping to see us on their way to California.
Correct : Our friends might stop to see us on their way to California.

Incorrect: I would, if there is time, liking to make a phone call.
Correct : I would, if there is time, like to make a phone call.

Incorrect: Betty may, with effort, to pass this course.
Correct : Betty may, with effort, pass this course.

Incorrect: The flight should to be on time.
Correct : The flight should be on time.

Problem 7 Logical Conclusions Events in the Past

S must have participle past time

My friend must have called last night.

Incorrect: This pen won’t write; it can have run out of ink (in the past).
Correct : This pen won’t write; it must have run out of ink (in the past).

Incorrect: The ring that I was looking at is gone; someone else must buy it.
Correct : The ring that I was looking at is gone; someone else must have bought it.

Incorrect: He doesn’t have his keys; he must locked them in his car.
Correct : He doesn’t have his keys; he have locked them in his car.

Incorrect: I don’t see Martha anywhere; she must be left early.
Correct : I don’t see Martha anywhere; she must have left early.

Problem 8 Logical Conclusions Events in the Present

S must be -ing present tense

My friend must be calling now.

S must be adjective present time

He must be upset now.

Incorrect: Bob is absent; he must have been sick again (now).
Correct : Bob is absent; he must have be sick again (now).

Incorrect: He is taking a walk, he must have felt better now.
Correct : He is taking a walk, he must have feeling better now.

Incorrect: She must be study at the library now because all of her books are gone.
Correct : She must be studing at the library now because all of her books are gone.

Incorrect: Sarah must get a divorce (now) because her husband is living in an apartment.
Correct : Sarah must be getting a divorce (now) because her husband is living in an apartment.

Problem 9 Logical Conclusions Events that repeat

Example

S must verb word repeated time

My friend must call often.

Exercises

Incorrect: The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock, she must have go to bed early every night.
Correct : The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock, she must go to bed early every night.

Incorrect: Our neighbors must having a lot of money because they are always taking expensive
trips.
Correct : Our neighbors must have a lot of money because they are always taking expensive trips.

Incorrect: He can like his job because he seems very happy.
Correct : He must like his job because he seems very happy.

Incorrect: Her English is very good, she must spoken it often.
Correct : Her English is very good, she must speak it often.

Incorrect: Carol always gets good grades; she should study a lot.
Correct : Carol always gets good grades; she must study a lot.

Problem 10 Knowledge and Ability Know and Know How

Examples

S KNOW noun

I know the answer.

S KNOW how infinitive

I know how to answer the question.

Exercises

Incorrect: If she knew to drive, he would lend her his car.
Correct : If she knew how to drive, he would lend her his car.

Incorrect: I don’t know to use the card catalog in the library.
Correct : I don’t know how to use the card catalog in the library.

Incorrect: Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know to cook
Correct : Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know how to cook.

Incorrect: Do you know to type?
Correct : Do you know how to type?

Incorrect: You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know to do it.
Correct : You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know how to do it.

Problem 11 Past Custom Used to and BE Used to

S used to verb word

He used to live in the country.

S BE used to -ing form

He was used to living in the country.

Incorrect: We use to go to the movies quite frequently.
Correct : We used to go to the movies quite frequently.
or
We were used to going to the movies quite frequently.

Incorrect: She was used to get up early.
Correct : She used to get up early.
or
She was used to getting up early.

Incorrect: He was used to drink too much.
Correct : He used to drink too much.
or
He was used to drinking too much.

Incorrect: She used to speaking in public.
Correct : She used to speak in public.
or
She was used to speaking in public.

Problem 12 Advisability Had Better

S had better verb word

You had better take chemistry 600 this semester.


S had better not verb word

You had better not take chemistry 600 this semester.

Incorrect: We had better made reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.
Correct : We ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­had better make reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.

Incorrect: We had better to check the schedule.
Correct : We had better had better check schedule.

Incorrect: You had better don’t quit your job until you find another one.
Correct : You had better had better not quit your job until you find another one.

Incorrect: You had better don’t go alone.
Correct : You had better had better not go alone.

Problem 13 Preference Would Rather

S would rather verb word

I would rather drive.

S would rather not verb word

I would rather not drive.

Incorrect: If you don’t mind, I’d rather not going.
Correct : If you don’t mind, Id rather not go.

Incorrect: He said that he’d rather went to a small college instead of to a large university.
Correct : He said that hed rather go to a small college instead of to a large university.

Incorrect: I’d rather writing this than print it because I don’t print well.
Correct : Id rather write this than print it because I don’t print well.

Incorrect: Greg would rather has a Pepsi than a beer.
Correct : Greg would rather have a Pepsi than a beer.

Problem 14 Preference for Another Would Rather That

S would rather that S V(past)

I would rather that you drove.

S would rather that S didnt verb word

I would rather that you didnt drive.

Incorrect: Diane would rather that her husband doesn’t working so hard.
Correct : Diane would rather that her husband didn’t work so hard.

Incorrect: The dean would rather that students make appointments instead of dropping by.
Correct : The dean would rather that students made appointments instead of dropping by.

Incorrect: My roommate would rather that I don’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.
Correct : My roommate would rather that I didnt keep the light on after ten o’clock.

Incorrect: We’d rather that you should come tomorrow.
Correct : I didnt keep that you came tomorrow.

Problem 15 Negative Imperatives

Please dont verb word

Please dont tell anyone

Would you please not verb word

Would you please not tell anyone

Incorrect: Please don’t to park here.
Correct : Please dont park here.
or
Would you please not park here.

Incorrect: Would you please not to be late
Correct : Please dont be late.
or
Would you please not be late

Incorrect: Please don’t to go yet
Correct : Please don’t go yet.
or
Would you please not to go yet.

Incorrect: Would you please don’t worry
Correct : Please dont worry.
or
Would you please not worry.

Problem 16 Causative MAKE

S MAKE someone verb word
His mother made him take his medicine.

S MAKE something verb word
I made the machine work

Incorrect: Are you going to make your daughter to work part time in the store this summer?
Correct : Are you going to make your daughter work part time in the store this summer.

Incorrect: I can’t seem to make this dishwasher running.
Correct : I can’t seem to make this dishwasher run .

Incorrect: Pasty makes everyone doing his share around the house
Correct : Pasty makes everyone do his share around the house.

Problem 17 Causative GET

S GET someone infinitive
Lets get Ralph to go with us.

S GET something participle
Lets get our car fixed first.

Incorrect: Lets get some of our money exchange for dollars.
Correct : Let’s get some of our money exchanged for dollars.

Incorrect: Nora got her mother’s wedding dress to alter so that it fit perfectly.
Correct : Nora got her mothers wedding dress altered so that it fit perfectly.

Incorrect: We will have to get someone fixing the phone right away.
Correct : We will have to get someone to fix the phone right away.

Problem 18 Causative HAVE

S HAVE someone verb word
My English teacher had us give oral reports.

S HAVE something participle
I want to have this book renewed, please

ncorrect: They had their lawyer to change their wills.
Correct : They had their lawyer change their wills.

Incorrect: I like the way you had the beautician done your hair.
Correct : I like the way you had the beautician do your hair.

Incorrect: We are going to have our car fix before we go to Toronto.
Correct : We are going to have our car fixed before we go to Toronto.

Problem 19 Causative LET

S LET someone verb word
His mother let him go to school.

S LET something verb word
I am letting this machine cool

Incorrect: Would you let us the borrow your notes?
Correct : Would you let us borrow your notes?

Incorrect: Larry is so good-hearted, he lets people took advance of him.
Correct : Larry is so good-hearted, he lets people take advance of him.

Incorrect: Don’t let that brothers you.
Correct : Don’t let that brother you.

Problem 20 Causative HELP

Remember that HELP can be used as a causative. In a causative, a person does not perform an action directly. With HELP, a person assists another person to do it.
S HELP someone verb word/infinitive
He is helping me type my paper
He is helping me to type my paper

Incorrect: My teacher helped me getting this job.
Correct : My teacher helped me get this job.
or
My teacher helped me to get this job.

Incorrect: Bob said that he would help our finding the place.

Correct : Bob said that he would help us find the place.
or
Bob said that he would help us to find the place.

Incorrect: This book should help you understanding the lecture.
Correct : This book should help you understand the lecture.
or

This book should help you understand the lecture.
This book should help you to understand the lecture.

Problem 21 Factual Conditionals–Absolute, Scientific Results

CONDITION RESULT

If S V (present) , S V (present)

If a catalyst is used , the reaction occurs more rapidly

Or
CONDITION RESULT

If S V (present) , S will verb word

If a catalyst is used , the reaction will occur more rapidly

Incorrect: If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.
Correct : If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they wither and die.
or
If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they will wither and die.

Incorrect: If the trajectory of a satellite will be slightly off at lunch, it will get worse as the flight progresses.
Correct : If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch, it gets worse as the flight progresses. or
If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch,it will get worse as the flight progresses.

Incorrect: If light strikes a rough surface, it diffused.
Correct : If light strikes a rough surface, it diffuse .
or
If light strikes a rough surface, it will diffuse .

Problem 22 Factual Conditionals Probable Results
For the Future

will
can
If S V (present) , S may verb word

If we find her address , we will write her

will
can
S may verb word if S V (present)
We will write her if we find her address

Incorrect: We will wait if you wanted to go
Correct : We will wait if you want to go
or
If you want to go, we will wait.

Incorrect: If you listen to the questions carefully, you answer them easily.
Correct : If you listen to the questions carefully, you will answer them easily.
or
You will answer them easily if you listen to the questions carefully.

Incorrect: If we finished our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.
Correct : If we finish our work a little early today, well attend the lecture at the art museum.
or
well attend the lecture at the art museum if we finish our work a little early today.

Problem 23 Factual Conditionals Possible Results

would
could

If S V (past) , S might verb word
If we found her address, we would write her
If we found her address, we could write her
If we found her address, we might write her

or

would
could

S might verb word if S V (past)
We would write her if we found her address

We could write her if we found her address
We might write her if we found her address

Incorrect: If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.
Correct : If Judi didnt drink so much coffee, she wouldnt be so nervous.
or
Judi wouldnt be so nervous if she didnt drink so much coffee.

Incorrect: If you would go to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
Correct : If you went to bed earlier, you wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning.
or
You wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning if you went to bed earlier.

Incorrect: If she would eat fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
Correct : If she ate fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
or
She would lose weight if she ate fewer sweets.

Problem 24 Factual Conditionals Probable Changes In Past Results

would have
could have

If S had participle , S might have participle
If we had found her address, we would have written her

If we had found her address, we could have written her
If we had found her address, we might have written her

Incorrect: If her mother let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
Correct : If her mother had let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
or
Anne would have stayed longer if her mother had let her.

Incorrect: If we would have known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the
bus station.
Correct : If we had known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the bus
station.
or
We had known her at the bus station if we had known that she had planned to arrive today.

Incorrect: If I had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
Correct : If I had had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
or
I would have checked my paper again if I had had more time.

Problem 25 ContrarytoFact ConditionalsImpossible Results Were

If S were

If the party were on Friday, we could go.

Incorrect: If the meat was a little more done, this would be an excellent meal.
Correct : If the meat were a little more done, this would be an excellent meal. (The meat is not done)
or
This would be an excellent meal if the meat were a little more done. (The meat is not done)

Incorrect: If my daughter is here, I would be very happy.
Correct : If my daughter were here, I would be very happy. (My daughter is not here)
or
I would be very happy If my daughter were here. (My daughter is not here)

Incorrect: This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger.
Correct : This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger. (The apartment is not larger.)
or
If it were a little larger, this apartment be perfect. (The apartment is not larger.)

Problem 27 Importance–Subjunctive–Verbs

S V that S V
Mr. Johnson prefers that she speak with him personally

Incorrect: The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at
the university.
Correct : The foreign student advisor recommended that she study more English before enrolling at
the university.

Incorrect: The law requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year.
Correct : The law requires that everyone have his car checked at least once a year.

Incorrect: She insisted that they would give her a receipt.
Correct : She insisted that they give her a receipt.

Problem 28 ImportanceNouns Derived from Subjunctive Verbs

demand; insistence; preference; proposal;
recommendation; request; requirement; suggestion.

noun that S verb word
The recommendation that we be evaluated was approved

Incorrect: She ignored the suggestion that she gets more exercise.
Correct : She ignored the suggestion that she get more exercise.

Incorrect: The terrorist’s demand that the airline provides a plane will not be met by deadline.
Correct : The terrorist’s demand that the airline provide a plane will not be met by deadline.

Incorrect: He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he dropping the class.
Correct : He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he drop the class.

Problem 29 ImportanceImpersonal Expressions

essential; imperative;
important; necessary.

It is adjective infinitive
It is important to verify the data

or

It is adjective that S verb word
It is important that the data be verify

Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
Correct : It is important to speak with Mr. William immediately.
or
It is important that I speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

Incorrect: It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.
Correct : It is imperative to sign your identification card.
or
It is imperative that your signature appear on your identification card.

Incorrect: It is essential that all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
Correct : It is essential to file all all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
or
It is essential that all applications and transcripts be filed no later than July 1.

Problem 30 Purpose–Infinitives

S V C infinitive (purpose)
Laura jogs to stay fit
She takes vitamins to feel better

Incorrect: Dont move your feet when you swing for play golf well.
Correct : Don’t move your feet when you swing to play golf well.

Incorrect: Virginia always boils the water twice make tea
Correct : Virginia always boils the water twice to make tea.

Incorrect: Wait until June plant those bulbs.
Correct : Wait until Juneto plantthose bulbs.

Problem 31 Passive–Word Order

S Be participle
State University is located at the corner of College and Third

Incorrect: Mr. Wilson known as Willie to his friends.
Correct : Mr. Wilson known as Willie to his friends.
(It is Mr. Wilson, not his friends, that is important.)

Incorrect: References not used in the examination room.
Correct : References are not used in the examination room. (It is references, not the person
using them, that are important.)

Incorrect: Laura born in Iowa.
Correct : Laura was born in Iowa.(It is Laura, not her mother who bore her, that is important.)

Problem 32 Passive–Agent

person
by machine
This report was written by

Incorrect: The car was inspected for Customs.
Correct : The car was inspected by customs.

Incorrect: The bill has already been paid Mr. Adams.
Correct : The bill has already been paid by mr. Adams.

Incorrect: State University is governed from the Board ofRegents.
Correct : State University is governed by the board or regents.

Problem 33 Passive–Infinitives

S Be (present) to be participle future time
The project is to be completed by 2005
S Be (past) to be participle future time
The project was to be completed by 1995

Incorrect: The results of the exam are to announced tomorrow.
Correct : The results of the exam are to be announced tomorrow.

Incorrect: We were to be notify if there was a problem.
Correct : We were to be notified if there was a problem.

Incorrect: The game is to rescheduled.
Correct : The game is to be rescheduled.

Problem 34 Necessity for Repair or Improvement–Need

S NEED -ing form
This paragraph needs revising
S NEED to be participle
This paragraph needs to be revised

Incorrect: The house needs to paint, but we plan to wait until next summer to do it.
Correct : The house needs painting, but we plan to wait until next summer to do it.
or
The house needs to be painted, but we plan to wait until next summer to do it.

Incorrect: Her watch needed repaired.
Correct : Her watch needed repairing.
or
Her watch needed to be repaired.

Incorrect: The hem of this dress needs mended before I wear it again.
Correct : The hem of this dress needs mendingbefore I wear it again.
or
The hem of this dress needs to be mended before I wear it again.

Problem 35 Belief and Knowledge–Anticipatory It

Anticipatory it that S V
It is believed that all mammals experience dreams.

Incorrect: It is said that a buried treasure near here.
Correct : it is said that a buried treasure hidden near here.

Incorrect: It is believed that a horseshoe bringing good luck.
Correct : it is believed that a horse shoe bringsgood luck.

Incorrect: It is thought that our ancestors building this city.
Correct : it is thought that our ancestors build this city.

Problem 36 Duration–HAVE Participle

S HAVE participle
(duration)
The English language has changedsince Shakespeare’s time.

Incorrect: Ray given us a lot of help since we arrived.
Correct : Ray us a lot of help since we arrived.

Incorrect: I have took this medication since 1985.
Correct : I have taken this medication since 1985.

Incorrect: We been friends since we were children.
Correct : We have beenfriends since we were children.

Problem 37 Duration–HAVE + Been + Participle

HAVE been participle
She has been accepted to State University

Incorrect: Wayne has elected to the student government.
Correct : Wayne to the student government.
(It is Wayne, not the people who elected him, who is important.)

Incorrect: We been taught how to cook.
Correct : We have beenhow to cook.
(It is we, not the people who taught us, who are important.)

Incorrect: The class been changed to room 10.
Correct : The class has been changed to room 10.
(It is the class, not the person who changed it, that is important.)

Problem 38 Predictions–Will Have + Participle

adverb (future) S will have participle
By the year 2010 researchers will havediscovered a cure of cancer

Incorrect : Before school is out, I have returned all of my library books.
Correct :Before school is out , I will have returned all of my library books.

Incorrect: We have gotten an answer to our letter by the time we have to make a decision.
Correct : We will have gotten an answer to our letter by the time we have to make a decision.

Incorrect: Before we can tell them about the discount, they will bought the tickets.
Correct :Before we can tell them about the discount, they will have bought the tickets.

Problem 39 Unfulfilled Desires in the Past–Had Hoped

S had hoped that S would verb word
We had hoped that she would change her mind
S had hoped object pronoun -ingform verb word
We had hoped her changing her mind

Incorrect: They had hoped that she not find out about it.
Correct : They had hoped that she would not find out about it.

Incorrect: I had hoped she coming to the party.
Correct : I had hoped that she word come to the party.

Incorrect: His father had hoped that he go into business with him.
Correct : His father had hoped that he would go into business with him.

Problem 40 Missing Auxiliary Verb–Active

BE -ing
Mom is watering her plants.
HAVE participle
Mom has watered her plants
MODAL verb word
Mom should water
her plants.

Incorrect: The sun was shining when we left this morning.
Correct : The sunwas shining when we left this morning.

Incorrect: We gone there before.
Correct : We have gonethere before.

Incorrect: I can’t talk with you right now because the doorbell ringing.
Correct : I cant talk with you right now because the doorbell is ringing.

Problem 41 Missing Auxiliary Verb–Passive

S BE participle
The plants are watered
The plants have been watered
The plants should be watered

Incorrect: These books should returned today.
Correct : These books should be returned today.

Incorrect: The plane delayed by bad weather.
Correct : The plane was delayed by bad weather.

Incorrect: My paper has not typed.
Correct : My paper has not been typed.

Problem 42 Pronoun (subject) V

If the weather is good Ellen and I will go to the beach

Incorrect: After Sandy talked them into buying bikes, she and them never drove to school.
Correct : After Sandy talked them into buying bikes, she and they never drove to school.

Incorrect: Frank and us are going to join the same fraternity.
Correct : Frank and we are going to join the same fraternity.

Incorrect: When they have enough money, Pat and her will probably go back to school.
Correct : When they have enough money, Pat and she will probably go back to school.

Problem 43 Subject Pronouns in ComComplement Position

It Be pronoun (subject)
It is he whom the committee has named

Incorrect: This is him speaking.
Correct : This is he speaking.

Incorrect: Didnt you know that it was us who played the joke?
Correct : Didn’t you know that it was we who played the joke?

Incorrect: I have to admit that it was me who wanted to go.
Correct : I have to admit that it was i who wanted to go.

Problem 44 Object Pronouns

S V pronoun (object)
They asked us, Jane and me, whether we were satisfied
Let us (you and me) try to reach an agreement

Incorrect: Let you and I promise not to quarrel about such unimportant matters anymore.
Correct : let you and mepromise not to quarrel about such unimportant matters anymore.

Incorrect: The bus leaves Ted and she at the corner.
Correct : The bus leaves Ted and her at the corner.

Incorrect: The results of the test surprised they because everyone scored much better than expected.
Correct : The results of the test surprised them because everyone scored much better than expected.

Problem 45. Object Pronouns after prepositions

preposition pronoun (object)
I would be glad to take a massage for her

Incorrect: Among we men, it was he who always acted as the interpreter.
Correct : Among us men, it was he who always acted as the interpreter.

Incorrect: The cake is from Jan, and the flowers are from Larry and we.
Correct : The cake is from Jan, and the flowers are fromLarry and us.

Incorrect: Just between you and I, this isn’t a very good price.
Correct : Just between you and me, this isn’t a very good price.

Problem 46. Possessive Pronouns Before –ing Forms

V Ph
S V pronouns (possessive) -ing form (noun)
We can count on her helping us
He regretted their misunderstanding him

Incorrect: The doctor insisted on she taking a leave of absence.
Correct : The doctor insisted on her taking a leave of absence.

Incorrect: He is surprised by you having to pay for the accident.
Correct : He is surprised by your having to pay for the accident.

Incorrect: My father approves of me studying in the United States.
Correct : My father approves of my studying in the United States.

Problem 47 Possessive Pronouns Before Parts of the Body

pronoun (possessive) noun (part of the body)
He hurt his arm

Incorrect: Does Alice color the hair?
Correct : Does Alice color her hair ?

Incorrect: The arms are so long that he can’t find shirts to fit him.
Correct :him arms are so long that he can’t find shirts to fit him.

Incorrect: She broke the wrist in the acaccident.
Correct : She broke her wrist in the accident.

Problem 48Relative Pronouns that Refer to Person and Things.

someone who
She is the secretary who works in the international office
something which
This is the new typewriter which you ordered

Incorrect: Who is the man which asked the question?
Correct : Who is the man who asked the question?

Incorrect: The person which was recommended for the position did not fulfill the minimum requirement.
Correct : The person who was recommended for the position did not fulfill the minimum requirement.

Incorrect: The student which receives the highest score will be awarded a scholarship.
Correct : The student who receives the highest score will be awarded a scholarship.

Problem 49. Relative Pronouns that refer to Persons

who V Everyone who took the tour was impressed by the paintings
` whom V
He was the only American whom I saw at the conference

Incorrect: He didn’t know who he would take to the party.
Correct : He didn’t know whom he would took to the party.

Incorrect: I know the candidate whom was elected.
Correct : I know the candidate who was elected.

Incorrect: There is often disagreement as to whom is the better student, Bob or Ellen.
Correct : There is often disagreement as to who is the better student, Bob or Ellen.

Problem 50 Reflexive Pronouns

S V pronoun (reflexive)
Some language learners can correct themselves

Incorrect: I had to teach me to swim.
Correct :I had to teach myselfto swim.

Incorrect: Help you to whatever you like.
Correct : Help yourself to whatever you like.

Incorrect: An oven that cleans its is very handy.
Correct : An oven that cleans itself is very handy.

Problem 51 Reciprocal Pronouns

S V pronoun (reciprocal)
My sister and I visit each other about once a week

Incorrect: It is considered cheating when students help each the other one on tests or quizzes.
Correct : It is considered cheating when students help each other one on tests or quizzes.

Incorrect: Jack and Sandra aren’t dating one to the other any more.
Correct : Jack and Sandra aren’t dating each other any more.

Incorrect: They will never find each another at this crowded airport.
Correct : They will never find each other at this crowded airport.

Problem 52 Count Nouns

Number (plural) Noun (count-plural)
sixty years

Incorrect : Several of the people in this class speak three or four language.
Correct : Several of the people in this class speak three or four leanguages.

Incorrect : The temperature has risen ten degree in two hours.
Correct : The temperature has risen ten degrees in two hours.

Incorrect : The teacher has ordered two book, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.
Correct : The teacher has ordered two books, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.

Problem 53 : Nouncount Nouns

Noun (noncount) verb (singular)
Friendship is important

Incorrect: Bread are expensive in the grocery store on the corner.
Correct :bread is expensive in the grocery store on the corner.

Incorrect: I like my tea with the milk.
Correct : I like my tea withmilk.

Incorrect: If you open the door, airs will circulate better.
Correct : If you open the door, air will circulate better.

Problem 54 Nouns with Count and Nouncount Meaning

a document
I have a paper due Monday
construction material
Let’s use paper to make the present

Incorrect : My neighbor dislikes a noise.
Correct : My neighbor dislikes noises. (all sounds)

Incorrect : We need glass for the juice.
Correct : We needglasses for the juice.
or
We need a glass for the juice. (containers)

Incorrect : A war is as old as mankind.
Correct :war is as old as mankind. (the act of war)

Problem 55 Count and Nouncount Nouns with Similar Meanings

a noun (count)
The shape of a snowflake is unique

Incorrect : We are late because we got stuck in a traffic.
Correct : We are late because we got stuck in Traffic.
We are late because we got stuck in a traffic jam.

Incorrect : A machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.
Correct :machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.
or
Machine in the factory needs to be fixed.

Incorrect : We are supposed to have a sunshine this weekend.
Correct : We are supposed to have sunshine this weekend.

Problem 56 Noncount Nouns that Are Count Nouns in Other Languages

Noun (noncount)
Did you do your homework

Incorrect : George had a good luck when he first came to State University.
Correct : George had good luck when he first came to State University.

Incorrect : A news was released about the hostages.
Correct :news was released about the hostages.

Incorrect : Did you get a permission to take the placement test.
Correct : Did you get permission to take the placement test.

Problem 57 Singular and Plural Expression of Noncount Nouns

a singular of noun (noncount)
A folk song a piece of Popular music
number plural of noun (noncount)
I order twelve bars of soap

Incorrect : Each furniture in this display is on sale for half price.
Correct : Each pieces furniture in this display is on sale for half price.

Incorrect : I’d like a steak, a salad, and a corn’s ear with butter.
Correct : I’d like a steak, a salad, and a piece of corn with butter.

Incorrect : The Engineering Department purchased a new equipment to stimulate conditions in outer space.
Correct : The Engineering Department purchased a new piece of equipment to
stimulate condition in outer space.

Problem 58 Classifications–Kind and Type kinds noun (plural count)

types of (noncount)
Cable TV has many different kinds of shows
Dr. Parker gives several types of homework
kind noun (singular count)
one type of (noncount)
One kind of show Is news
One type of homework is a lab report

Incorrect : This exam has two types problems.
Correct : This exam has two types of problems.

Incorrect : Are you looking for a special kinds of car?
Correct : Are you looking for a special kinds of car?

Incorrect : I only know how to run one type a computer program.
Correct : I only know how to run one type of computer program.

Problem 59 Infinitive and –ing Subject

S (infinitive) V
To read a foreign language is even more difficult S (-ing) V
Reading quickly and well requires practice

Incorrect : Shoplift is considered a serious crime.
Correct : shoping lift is considered a serious crime.
or
To shop lift is considered a serious crime.

Incorrect : The rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
Correct : resting in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
or
To rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.

Incorrect : To exercising makes most people feel better.
Correct : to exercise makes most people feel better.
or
Exercising makes most people feel better.

Problem 60 Qualifying Phrases with –ing Nouns

qualifying phrase
the -ing of noun
The reading of technical material requires knowledge of technical terms

Incorrect : Winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.
Correct : the winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.

Incorrect : Sending of electronic mail (e-mail) is now common.
Correct : the sending of electronic mail ( e-mail) is now common.

Incorrect : Singing of Christmas carols is an old tradition.
Correct : the singing of chistmas carols is an old tradition.

Problem 61 Nominal That Clause

Nominal that clause S V
That vitamin C prevents colds is well known

Incorrect : Is likely that the library is closed.
Correct : that the library is closed is likely.

Incorrect : She will win is almost certain.
Correct : that she will win is almost certain.

Incorrect : That is not fair seems obvious.
Correct : that fair seems obvious.

Problem 62 Determiner–A and An

A consonant sound
A foreign student must have an I-20 form
A vowel sound.
An international student must have an I-20 form

Incorrect : Chemistry 100H is a honors section.
correct : Chemistry 100H is an horors section.

Incorrect : Lets just wait an year or two before we get married.
Correct : Let’s just wait a year or two before we get married.

Incorrect : Ill call you back in a hour.
correct : I’ll call you back in an hour.

Problem 63 Noncount Nouns with Qualifying Phrases with –The

The noncount nouns Qualifying Phrases
The art of the Middle Ages is on display

Incorrect: Science of genetic engineering is not very old.
Correct : the science of genetic engineering is not very old.

Incorrect: History of this area is interesting.
Correct : the history of this area is interesting.

Incorrect: Work of many people made the project a success .
Correct : the work of many people made the project a success.

Problem 64 Meaning All

all noun (noncount) verb (singular)

Ǿ

All art is interesting
Art is interesting
all noun (count-plural) verb (plural)

Ǿ

All trees prevent erosion
Trees prevent erosion

Incorrect: I like the music.
Correct : I like music.
(all music)

Incorrect: The mathematics is easy for me.
Correct : mathematics is easy for me.
(all mathematics)

Incorrect: Professor Collins is an expert in the microbiology.
Correct : Professor Collins is an expert in microbiology.
(all microbiology)

Problem 65 No Meaning Not Any

noun (count singular) verb (singular) no noun (count plural) verb (plural)
No tree grows above the tree line
No trees grow above the tree line
no noun (noncount) verb (singular)
No art is on display today

Incorrect : We have not a file under the name Wagner.
Correct : We have no fileunder the name Wagner.

Incorrect : None of cheating will be tolerated.
Correct : no cheating will be tolerated.

Incorrect : Bill told me that he has none friends.
Correct : Bill told me that he has no friends .

Problem 66 One of the and Some of the

one of the noun (count plural) verb (singular)
One of the trees is dead
some of the noun (count plural) verb (plural)
Some of the trees are dead
some of the noun (count plural) verb (plural)
Some of the art is in the museum

Incorrect : One of my friends are in the hospital.
Correct : one of my friends are in the hospital.

Incorrect : You should save some of the moneys.
Correct : You should save some of the money.

Incorrect : One of the best reason to eat vegetables is to add fiber to your diet.
Correct : one of the best reasons to eat vegetables is to add fiber to your diet.

Problem 67

few non (count) Few reference books may be check out
little non (noncount)
Before he came to the U.S., he had done little traveling

Incorrect: My brother used to help me a lot,but now he gives me few advice.
Correct : My brother used to help me a lot, but now he gives me little advice.

Incorrect: He had to balance his account very carefully because he had few money.
Correct : He had to balance his account very carefully because he had little money.

Problem 68 Much and Many

many noun (count–plural
There are many television programs for children on Saturday
much noun (noncount)
We don’t have much information

Incorrect: How much years have you been living in Texas?
Correct : How many years have you been living in Texas?

Incorrect: He always has much problems with his teeth.
Correct : He always has many problems with his teeth.

Incorrect: I think that there is too many violence on TV.
Correct : I think that there is too much violence on TV.

Problem 69 A Little and Little

A Few and Few
a little
little noun (noncount)
We have a little time
We have little time
a few
few noun (count–plural)
We made a few mistakes
We made few mistakes

Incorrect: There are few tickets left for the concert.
Correct : There are a few tickets left for the concert.
(some)

Incorrect: A few people in my apartment building are friendly.
Correct : few people in my apartment building are friendly.(not many)

Problem 70 Only a Few and Only a Little

only a few noun (count–plural)
Only a few dollars have been budgeted for supplies
Only a little noun (noncount)
We have only a little homework for Monday

Incorrect: We will need only a few food for the picnic.
Correct : We will need only a little food for the picnic.

Incorrect: Only few people were at the reception
Correct : only a few people were at the reception.

Problem 71 : A Large (Small) Number of and a large (Small) Amount of large

A number of
small noun (count–plural)
A large number of students from other countries attend State University large
A amount of
small noun (noncount)
A small amount of rain is expected tomorrow

Incorrect: The lab has a large number of equipment.
Correct : The lab has a large amount of equipment.

Problem 72 Almost All of the and Most of the

almost all (of the)
most all (of the) noun (count–plural) verb (plural)
Almost all (of the) trees in our yard are oaks
Most (of the) trees are oaks
almost all (of the)
most all (of the) noun (noncount) verb (singular)
Almost all (of the) art by R. C. Gorman is expensive
Most (of the) art by R. C. Gorman is expensive

incorrect: Most of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
Correct : almost all of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
or
Almost all teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
or
Most of the teachers at State University care about their students’ progress.
or
Most teachers at State University care about their students progress

Problem 73 Sufficiency – Enough with Nouns

noun (count–plural)
noun (noncount)
We have enough tickets
We have enough time
noun (count–plural)
noun (noncount)
We have tickets enough
We have time enough
or
There arent carsenough for all of us to go.

Incorrect: Do we have hamburgers enough as for the party?
Correct : Do we have enough hamburgers for the party?
or
Do we have hamburgers enoughfor the party?

Incorrect: Virginia doesn’t have the enough information to make a decision.
Correct : Virginia doesn’t have enough information to make a decision.
or
Virginia doesn’t have information enough to make a decision.

Incorrect: I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have enough the light in my room.
Correct : I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have enough lightin my room.
or
I need to buy a lamp because I don’t have light enough in my room.

Problem 74 Sufficiency – Enough with Adjectives

S V adjective enough infinitive
It is warm enough to go swimming
S V not adjective enough infinitive
It is not warm enough to go swimming

Incorrect: He should be as strong enough to get out of bed in a few days.
Correct : He should be strong enough to get out of bed in a few days.

Incorrect: Billy isn’t enough old to enlist in the army.
Correct : Billy isn’t old enough to enlist in the army.

Incorrect: His score on the exam was enough good to qualify him for a graduate program.
Correct : His score on the exam was good enough to qualify him for a graduate program.

Problem 75 Consecutive Order – One, Another, the Other

1 2
one count noun(singular) another count noun (singular)
One movie start at five, another movie starts at seven, and
3
the other count noun (singular)
the other movie starts at nine
1 2 3
One count noun(singular) another the other One bus leaves at two, another at six, and the other at ten

Incorrect: Of the three busiest vacation areas in the United States, one is Disney World, one another is New York City, and the other is Washington D.C.
Correct : Of the three busiest vacation areas in the United States, one (area) is Disney World, one another (area) is New York City, and the other (area) is Washington D.C.

Incorrect: There are three major restaurant chains near the campus that specialize in fast-food hamburgers: one is McDonald’s, another is Wendy’s, and the another one is Burger King.
Correct : There are three major restaurant chains near the campus that specialize in fast-food hamburgers: one (restaurant) is McDonald’s, another (restaurant) is Wendy’s, and the otherone is Burger King.

Incorrect: One English proficiency test is the TOEFL and other is Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency.
Correct : one English proficiency test is the TOEFL andthe other (test) is Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency.

Problem 76 Consecutive Order – Some, Other, the Other Some, Others, the Others (the Rest)

1 2
Some count noun(plural) other count noun(plural)
Some houses are for rent, other houses are for sale, and
3
the other
the rest of the count noun (plural)
the other houses are empty
the rest of the
1 2
Some count noun (plural) others
Some schools are universities, others are colleges, and
Some schools are universities, others are colleges, and
3
the others
the rest
the others are junior colleges
the rest are junior colleges

Incorrect: Some people finish a bachelor’s degree in four years and take five years.
Correct : some peoplefinish a bachelor’s degree in four years and the othertake five years.

Incorrect: Some of the home computer models on sale have 1.5GB, other models have 2.5GB, and the rest of models have 4GB hard drives.
Correct : some of the home computer models on sale have 1.5GB, other models have 2.5GB, and the rest of the models have 4GB hard drives.

Incorrect: Some applicants want student visas, other applicants want resident visas, and the others applicants want tourist ervisas.
Correct :some applicants want student visas, other applicantswant resident visas, and the other applicants want tourist visas.

Problem 77 Numerical Order

the ordinal number count noun(singular)
I am outlining the sixth chapter in my notebook

count noun(singular) cardinal number
I am outlining chapter six in my notebook

Incorrect: Your tickets are for gate the tenth, section B.
Correct : Your tickets are forgate ten, section B.

Incorrect: Look in volume second of the Modern Medical Dictionary.
Correct : Look in the second volume of the Modern Medical Dictionary.
or
Look in volume two of the Modern Medical Dictionary.

Incorrect: The New York-Washington train is arriving on track the fourth.
Correct : The New York-Washington train is arriving on track four.

Problem 78 Nouns that function as Adjectives

noun noun All of us are foreign language teachers

Incorrect: I forgot their telephone’s number.
Correct : I forgot their telephone number.

Incorrect: There is a sale at the at the shoes store.
Correct : There is a sale at the at the shoe store.

Incorrect: Put the mail on the hall’s table.
Correct : Put the mail on the hall table.

Problem 79 Hyphenated Adjectives

A adjective – adjective noun
Agriculture 420 is a five – hour class

a adjective – adjective – adjective noun
A sixty – year – old employee may retire

Incorrect: Can you make change for a twenty-dollars bill?
Correct :Can you make change for a twenty-dollar bill?

Incorrect: A two-doors car is cheaper than a four-doors model.
Correct : a two – door caris cheaper than a four-door model.

Incorrect: I have to write a one-thousand-words paper this weekend.
Correct :I have to write a one- thousand – wordthis weekend.

Problem 80 Adjectives Ending in –edand –ing
–ed adjective (by someone or something)
The audience is thrilled (by the concert)

–ed adjective (to someone or something)
The cozcert is thrilling (to the audience)

Incorrect: What an interested idea!
Correct : What an interestingidea!
(We are interested)

Incorrect: Drug abuse is increasing at an alarmed rate.
Correct : Drug abuse is increasing at an alarmingrate.
(We are alarmed)

Incorrect: The petition has been signed by concerning citizens
Correct : The petition has been signed by concernedcitizens.

Problem 81 Cause-and-Result –So
CAUSE RESULT
adverb
S V so adjective that S V
She got up so late that she missed her bus The music was so loud that we couldn’t talk

Incorrect: We arrived so late as Professor Baker had already called the roll.
Correct :We arrived so late thatProfessor Baker had already called the roll.

Incorrect: He drives so fast as no one likes to ride with him.
Correct :He drives so fast that no one likes to ride with him.

Incorrect: Preparing frozen foods is too easy that anyone can do it.
Correct:Preparing frozen foods is so easy thatanyone can do it.

Problem 82 Cause-and-Result–Such
CAUSE RESULT
S V such a adjective count noun (singular) that S V
It was such a hot day that we went out
Or
S V such adjective a count noun (singular) that S V
It was so hot a day that we went out
CAUSE RESULT
count noun (singular). noun
S V such adjective (noncount) that S V
These are such long assignments that I can’t finish them
This is such good news that I will call them

Incorrect: We had so a small lunch that I am hungry already.
Correct : We had such a small lunchthat I am hungry already.
or
We had so small a lunch that I am hungry already.

Incorrect: That so many advances have been made in so short time is the most
valid agreement for retaining the research unit.
Correct : That so many advances have been made in such a short timeis the most
valid agreement or retaining the research unit.
or
That so many advances have been made in so short a timeis the most
valid agreement for retaining the research unit.

Incorrect: It is so nice weather that I would like to go to the beach.
Correct : It is such nice that I would like to go to the beach.

Problem 83 Emphasis –Too

CAUSE RESULT
too adjective infinitive
The tea is too hot to drink

Incorrect: This brand is too expensive for buy.
Correct : This brand is too expensive to buy .

Incorrect: He always plays his stereo so loud (to enjoy).
Correct : He always plays his stereo too loud (to enjoy).

Incorrect: He is too cold go swimming.
Correct : He is too cold to go swimming.

Problem 84 Emphasis–Very

very adjective
This tea is very hot

Incorrect: New York is so big, and I am not used to it
Correct : New York is very big , and I am not used to it.

Incorrect: Last month we had a too high electric bill.
Correct :Last month we had a very high electric bill.

Incorrect: Darlene says that the courts are so lenient.
Correct : Darlene says that the courts are very lenient.

Problem 85 Adjective with Verbs of the Senses

feel; look; smell; sound; taste
S V (senses) adjective
I felt bad about the mistake

Incorrect: Too meal tasted well.
Correct : Too meal tasted good.

Incorrect: The music sounds sweetly and soothing.
Correct : The music sounds sweet and soothing.

Incorrect: When he complained that the food tasted badly, the waiter took it back to the kitchen and brought him something else.
Correct : When he complained that the food tasted bad, the waiter took it back to the kitchen and brought him something else.

Problem 86 Exact Similarity–the Same as and the Same

noun the same as noun
This coat is the same as that one

noun noun the same
This coat and that one are the same

noun (plural) the same
These coats are the same

Incorrect: Is your book the same to mine?
Correct :Is your book the same as mine ?
or
Are your book and mine the same?

Incorrect: Are this picture and the one on your desk same?
Correct :Are this picture and the one on your desk the same ?
or
Is this picture the same as on your desk?

Incorrect: The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it was the same a composition he had already read.
Correct : The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it was the same as composition he had already read.
or
Correct : The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it and a composition he had already read were the same.

Problem 87 General Similarity–Similar to and Similar

noun similar to noun
This coat is similar to that one
noun noun similar
This coat and that one are similar
noun (plural) similar
These coats are similar

Incorrect: Cliff’s glasses are similar like yours, but his cost a lot less.
Correct : Cliff’s glasses are similar to yours, but his cost a lot less.
or
Cliff’s glasses and yours are similar, but his cost a lot less.

Incorrect: That joke is similar as a joke that I heard.
Correct : That joke is similar to a joke that I heard.
Or
That joke and a joke that I heard are similar

Incorrect: All of the other departments are similar this one.
Correct : All of the other departments are similar to this one .
or
All of the other departments and this one are similar.

Problem 88 General Similarity–Like and Alike

noun like noun
This coat is like that one
noun noun alike
This coat and that one are alike
noun (plural) alike
These coats are alike.

Incorrect: Your recipe for chicken is like to a recipe that my mother has.
Correct: Your recipe for chicken is like a receipe that my mother has. or
Your recipe for chicken and a recipe that my mother has are alike.

Incorrect: I want to buy some shoes same like the ones I have on.
Correct : I want to buy some shoes like the ones I have on.
or
The shoes I want to buy and the shoes I have on are alike.

Incorrect: Anthony and his brother don’t look like.
Correct : Anthony doesn’t look like his brother.
or
Anthony and his brother don’t look alike.

Problem 89 Specific Similarity–Quality Nouns

noun V the same noun (quality) as noun
She is the same age as John

Incorrect: The gold chain that Edith saw is same weight as yours.
Correct : The gold chain that Edith saw is the same weight as yours.

Incorrect: Please cut my hair the same length like the style in this magazine.
Correct : Lease cut my hair the same length as the style in this magazine.

Incorrect: Is this thread the same color the cloth?
Correct : Is this thread the same color as the cloth?

Problem 90 Specific Similarity–Quality Adjectives

noun V as adjective (quality) as noun
She is as old as John

Incorrect: He is not as tall like his brother.
Correct : He is not as tall as his brother.

Incorrect: The meat at the supermarket is not as expensive than the meat at a butcher shop.
Correct : The meat at the supermarket is not as expensive as the meat at a butcher shop.

Incorrect: College Station is not as big Austin.
Correct : College Station is not as big as Austin.

Problem 91 General Difference –Different from and Different

noun different from noun
This coat is different from that one
noun noun different
This coat and that one are different
noun (plural) different
These coats are different

Incorrect: Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours are different than rates for nighttime hours.
Correct :Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours are different from rates for nighttime hours.
or
Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours and rates for nighttime hours are different.

Incorrect: A nursery school is different a day care center.
Correct : A nursery school is different from a day care center.
or
A nursery school and a day care center are different.

Incorrect: The tour packages that we offer are different than most tours.
Correct : The tour packages that we offer are different from most tours.
or
The tour packages that we offer and most tours are different.

Problem 92 General Difference –to Differ from

DIFFER from
This one differs from the rest

Incorrect: The campus at State University different from that of City College.
Correct :The campus at State University differs from that of City College.
Or
The campus at State University different from that of City College.
Incorrect: Jayne’s apartment is very differs from Bill’s even though they are in the same building.

Correct :Jayne’s apartment is very different from Bill’s even though they are in the same building.
or
Jayne’s apartment differs from Bill’s even though they are in the
same building.

Incorrect: Customs differ one region of the country to another.
Correct :Customs differs from one region of the country to another.
or
Customs are different from one region of the country to another.

Problem 93 Comparative Estimates–Multiple Numbers

much
multiple as many as
Fresh fruit costs twice as much as canned fruit
We have half as many as we need

Incorrect:Bob found a job that paid as much twice as he made working at the library.
Correct :Bob found a job that paid twice as much as he made working at the library.

Incorrect:The price was very reasonable; I would gladly have paid three times more than
he asked.
Correct :The price was very reasonable; I would gladly have paid three times as much as he asked.

Incorrect:We didn’t buy the car because they wanted as much twice as it was worth.
Correct : We didn’t buy the car because they wanted twice as much as it was worth.

Problem 94 Comparative Estimates –More Than andLess Than more than number

Steve has more than a thousand coins in his collection
less than number
Andy has less than a dozen coin in his pocket

Incorrect: The main library has more as one million volumes.
Correct : The main library has more than one milion volumes.

Incorrect: A new shopping center on the north side will have five hundred shops
more than.
Correct : A new shopping center on the north side will have more than five hundred shops.

Incorrect: There are most than fifty students in the lab, but only two computers.
Correct : There are more than fifty students in the lab,but only two computers

Problem 95 Comparative Estimates–As Many As

as many as number
We should have as many as five hundred applications

Incorrect:The children can see as much as twenty-five baby animals in the nursery at the zoo.
Correct :The children can see as many as twenty-five baby animals in the nursery at the zoo.

Incorrect:Many as ten planes have sat in line waiting to take off.
Correct :as many as ten planes have sat in line waiting to take off.

Incorrect:State University offers as much as two hundred major fields of study.
Correct :State University offers as many as two hundred major fields of study.

Problem 96 Degrees of Comparison–Comparative Adjectives

more (less) adjective (two + syllables)
adjective –er (one syllable)
adjective –er
(two + syllables
ending in –y) than
An essay test is more difficult than an objective test
An essay test is harder than an objective test
An essay test is easier than an objective

Incorrect: Ellen has been more happy lately than she was when she first came.
Correct : Ellen has been more lately than she was when she first came.

Incorrect: The book for my engineering course are expensive the books for my othercourses.
Correct : The book for my engineering course are more expensive than the books for my other courses.

Incorrect: The climate here is more milder than that of New England.
Correct :The climate here is milder than that of New England.

Problem 97 Degrees of Comparison–Superlative Adjectives

most (least) adjective (two + syllables)
adjective –est (one syllable)
eadjective –est (two + syllables
ending in –er)
An essay test is the most difficult
An essay test is the hardest
An essay test is the trickiest

Incorrect:Of all the candidates, Alex is probably the less qualified.
Correct :Of all the candidates, Alex is probably the qualifiest.

Incorrect:Although there are a number of interesting findings, a most significantresults are in the abstract.
Correct :Although there are a number of interesting findings, the most significant results are in the abstract.

Incorrect:In my opinion, the more beautiful place in Oregon is Mount Hood.
Correct : In my opinion, the most beautiful place in Oregon is Mount Hood.

Problem 98 Degrees of Comparison–Irregular Adjectives

Comparative– Superlative–
Adjective to compare two to compare three or more
bad worse the worst
far farther the farthest
further the furthest
good better the best
little less the least
many more the most
much more the most
irregular
comparative than
This ice cream is better than the other brands
irregular
superlative
This ice cream is the best of all

Incorrect: These photographs are very good, but that one is the better of all.
Correct : these photographs are very good, but that one is the best of all.

Incorrect: Please give me much sugar than you did last time.
Correct : Please give me more sugar than you did last time.

Incorrect: This composition is more good than your last one.
Correct : This composition is the most good than your last one.

Problem 99 Degrees of Comparison–Comparative Adverbs

more adverb (two + syllables)
(less) adverb (two + syllables)
adverb –er (one syllable) than
We finished the test more rapidly than Mark
We finished the test less rapidly than Mark
We finished the test faster than Mark
the most adverb (two + syllables)
the least adverb (two + syllables)
adverb –est (one syllable)
We finished the test the most rapidly of all
We finished the test the least rapidly of all
We finished the test the fastest

Incorrect: The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained the most bitter about the grading system.
Correct : The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained bitter than about the grading system.

Incorrect: I wish we could see each other more frequenter.
Correct : I wish we could see each other more frequently.

Incorrect: He drives more fast than she does.
Correct : He drives faster than she does.

Problem 100 Double Comparative

CAUSE RESULT
The comparative S V the comparative S V
The more you review, the easier the patterns will be

Incorrect: The less one earns, the lesser one must pay in income taxes.
Correct :the less one earns, the less one must pay in income taxes.

Incorrect: The louder he shouted, less he convinced anyone.
Correct : the louder he shouted, the less he convinced anyone.

Incorrect: The more you practice speaking, the well you will do it.
Correct :the more you practice speaking, the weller you will do it.

Problem101 Illogic Comparatives General Similarity and Difference

noun (singular) different from that
Football in the U.S.is different from that in other countries
noun (plural) different from those
The rules are different from those of soccer

Incorrect: The English that is spoken in Canada is similar to the United States.
Correct : The English that is spoken in Canada is different from that the United States.

Incorrect: Drugstores here are not like at home.
Correct : Drugstores here are not different from that at home.

Incorrect: The time in New York City differs here hours from Los Angeles.
Correct : The time in New York City differs here hours different from those of Los Angeles.

Problem 102 Illogical Comparatives–Degrees

more + adjective
noun (singular) adjective –er than that
The climate in the North is more severe than that of the South
The climate in the North is colder than that of the South
more + adjective
noun (plural) adjective –er than those
The prices are more expensive than those of the South
The prices are higher than those of the South

Incorrect: The audience is much larger than last year’s concert.
Correct : The audience is much larger than that of last year’s concert.

Incorrect: The rooms in the front are much noisier than the back.
Correct : The rooms in the front are much noisier than those in the back.

Incorrect: The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than Bank Plus.
Correct : The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than those of Bank Plus.

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